Clinical Practice and Cases in Emergency Medicine
Ruptured Visceral Artery Aneurysms: A Deadly Cause of Epigastric Pain
- Author(s): Bradley, Sara
- Quenzer, Faith
- Wittler, Micah
- et al.
Published Web Locationhttps://doi.org/10.5811/cpcem.2019.1.41057
Visceral artery aneurysms (VAA) are rare, life-threatening disease processes that often affect the celiac, superior mesenteric, or inferior mesenteric arteries and their respective branches. The splenic, hepatic, superior mesenteric, and tripod celiac arteries are most commonly affected and have high rupture and mortality rates. This case describes splenic and celiac artery aneurysms ina patient that led to hemorrhagic shock and multisystem organ failure despite timely diagnosis and ligation. A brief review of the literature further elucidates the key risk factors in identifying patients with VAAs and their treatment course.