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The Use of ACOG Guidelines: Perceived Contraindications to IUD and Implant Use Among Family Planning Providers.

  • Author(s): Philliber, Ash E
  • Hirsch, Heather
  • Brindis, Claire D
  • Turner, Rita
  • Philliber, Susan
  • et al.
Abstract

Objectives The uptake and actual use of the current guidelines from the American College of Obstetrics and Gynecology (ACOG) is unknown. Methods Family planning providers across Colorado and Iowa were surveyed as part of statewide initiatives to reduce unintended pregnancy in 2010 and 2012, both before and after the release of the guidelines. These initiatives focused on the promotion of intrauterine devices (IUDs) and implants. These surveys included questions on providers' views regarding the suitability and safety of the copper T IUD, hormonal IUD, and single rod implant for various subgroups of clients. The results are contrasted with guidelines provided in July of 2011 by ACOG. This strategy provides both baseline and follow-up models about the methods promoted in these guidelines. Results Findings show that there is some improvement in beliefs that IUDs are suitable and safe for women who are post-partum, post-abortion, have had an ectopic pregnancy, are nulliparous, teenagers, or have a history of STIs. However, these clinicians' views are not entirely in alignment with ACOG recommendations in their beliefs that these methods should not be used immediately post-partum or post-abortion. Notable percentages of these clinicians were hesitant to recommend these effective methods for other groups of patients, approved for use by ACOG. Conclusions While the cost of these methods is a barrier to adoption, these data suggest that there are continuing provider barriers to their use as well. The paper concludes with suggestions for further training for family planning providers.

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