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Tobacco Cessation Services in Addiction Treatment: What Do Clients Say?

  • Author(s): Guydish, Joseph
  • Yip, Deborah
  • Le, Thao
  • Gubner, Noah R
  • Williams, Denise D
  • Delucchi, Kevin L
  • et al.
Abstract

OBJECTIVE::Specialty addiction programs treat people who are addicted to alcohol, opioids, stimulants, and other drugs. This study identified the proportion of addiction program clients who received tobacco-related services and factors associated with receipt of such services. METHODS::In 2015 and 2016, clients (N=2,119) in 24 programs were surveyed for receipt of services aligning with three of the five As of tobacco cessation: ask, advise, assist. Multivariate analyses examined factors associated with receipt of each service. RESULTS::Most clients (76%) were asked about smoking. Among smokers (N=1,630), 53% were advised to quit, 41% received counseling, 26% received cessation medication, and 17% received counseling and medication. Clients were more likely to receive tobacco-related services if they wanted help quitting smoking or were enrolled in programs with tobacco-free grounds. CONCLUSIONS::These correlational findings suggest that increasing client motivation to quit and implementing tobacco-free policies on the grounds of treatment centers may increase tobacco-related services in addiction treatment.

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