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Surface plasmon polariton Wannier-Stark ladder.


The propagation of a surface plasmon polariton on a planar metal surface perturbed by N equally spaced rectangular grooves, each with the same width but with varying depths, is investigated by the finite-difference time-domain method. For a linear dependence of the depth of the nth groove on n, the transmissivity of the surface plasmon polariton and of the power radiated into the vacuum above the surface, as functions of its frequency, consist of N equally spaced dips and peaks, respectively. These are the signatures of the surface plasmon polariton analog of a Wannier-Stark ladder.

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