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Computational and Mass Spectrometry-Based Approach Identify Deleterious Non-Synonymous Single Nucleotide Polymorphisms (nsSNPs) in JMJD6.

Abstract

The jumonji domain-containing protein 6 (JMJD6) gene catalyzes the arginine demethylation and lysine hydroxylation of histone and a growing list of its known substrate molecules, including p53 and U2AF65, suggesting a possible role in mRNA splicing and transcription in cancer progression. Mass spectrometry-based technology offers the opportunity to detect SNP variants accurately and effectively. In our study, we conducted a combined computational and filtration workflow to predict the nonsynonymous single nucleotide polymorphisms (nsSNPs) present in JMJD6, followed by a liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS) analysis and validation. The computational approaches SIFT, PolyPhen-2, SNAP, I-Mutant 2.0, PhD-SNP, PANTHER, and SNPS&GO were integrated to screen out the predicted damaging/deleterious nsSNPs. Through the three-dimensional structure of JMJD6, H187R (rs1159480887) was selected as a candidate for validation. The validation experiments showed that the mutation of this nsSNP in JMJD6 obviously affected mRNA splicing or the transcription of downstream genes through the reduced lysyl-hydroxylase activity of its substrates, U2AF65 and p53, further indicating the accuracy of this prediction method. This research provides an effective computational workflow for researchers with an opportunity to select prominent deleterious nsSNPs and, thus, remains promising for examining the dysfunction of proteins.

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