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Open Access Publications from the University of California

Nanoconfinement of Molecular Magnesium Borohydride Captured in a Bipyridine-Functionalized Metal-Organic Framework.

  • Author(s): Schneemann, Andreas
  • Wan, Liwen F
  • Lipton, Andrew S
  • Liu, Yi-Sheng
  • Snider, Jonathan L
  • Baker, Alexander A
  • Sugar, Joshua D
  • Spataru, Catalin D
  • Guo, Jinghua
  • Autrey, Tom S
  • Jørgensen, Mathias
  • Jensen, Torben R
  • Wood, Brandon C
  • Allendorf, Mark D
  • Stavila, Vitalie
  • et al.

The lower limit of metal hydride nanoconfinement is demonstrated through the coordination of a molecular hydride species to binding sites inside the pores of a metal-organic framework (MOF). Magnesium borohydride, which has a high hydrogen capacity, is incorporated into the pores of UiO-67bpy (Zr6O4(OH)4(bpydc)6 with bpydc2- = 2,2'-bipyridine-5,5'-dicarboxylate) by solvent impregnation. The MOF retained its long-range order, and transmission electron microscopy and elemental mapping confirmed the retention of the crystal morphology and revealed a homogeneous distribution of the hydride within the MOF host. Notably, the B-, N-, and Mg-edge XAS data confirm the coordination of Mg(II) to the N atoms of the chelating bipyridine groups. In situ 11B MAS NMR studies helped elucidate the reaction mechanism and revealed that complete hydrogen release from Mg(BH4)2 occurs as low as 200 °C. Sieverts and thermogravimetric measurements indicate an increase in the rate of hydrogen release, with the onset of hydrogen desorption as low as 120 °C, which is approximately 150 °C lower than that of the bulk material. Furthermore, density functional theory calculations support the improved dehydrogenation properties and confirm the drastically lower activation energy for B-H bond dissociation.

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