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Autonomic reactivity and psychopathology in middle childhood.

  • Author(s): Boyce, WT
  • Quas, J
  • Alkon, A
  • Smider, NA
  • Essex, MJ
  • Kupfer, DJ
  • MacArthur Assessment Battery Working Group of the MacArthur Foundation Research Netwrok on Psychopathology and Development
  • et al.
Abstract

Background

Better indicators are needed for identifying children with early signs of developmental psychopathology.

Aims

To identify measures of autonomic nervous system reactivity that discriminate children with internalising and externalising behavioural symptoms.

Method

A cross-sectional study of 122 children aged 6--7 years examined sympathetic and parasympathetic reactivity to standardised field-laboratory stressors as predictors of parent- and teacher-reported mental health symptoms.

Results

Measures of autonomic reactivity discriminated between children with internalising behaviour problems, externalising behaviour problems and neither. Internalisers showed high reactivity relative to low-symptom children, principally in the parasympathetic branch, while externalisers showed low reactivity, in both autonomic branches.

Conclusions

School-age children with mental health symptoms showed a pattern of autonomic dimorphism in their reactivity to standardised challenges. This observation may be of use in early identification of children with presyndromal psychopathology.

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