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Evaluation of no evidence of progression or active disease (NEPAD) in patients with primary progressive multiple sclerosis in the ORATORIO trial

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No evidence of progression or active disease (NEPAD) is a novel combined endpoint defined by the absence of both progression and inflammatory disease activity in primary progressive multiple sclerosis (PPMS). In the placebo-controlled phase III ORATORIO study (NCT01194570), we investigated the effect of ocrelizumab on this comprehensive outcome and its components in a post-hoc analysis.


The proportion of patients with NEPAD (no evidence of progression [NEP; no 12-week confirmed progression of ≥1/≥0.5 points on the Expanded Disability Status Scale if the baseline score was ≤5.5/>5.5 points, respectively; no 12-week confirmed progression of ≥20% on the Timed 25-Foot Walk test and 9-Hole Peg Test], no brain magnetic resonance imaging activity [no new/enlarging T2 lesions and no T1 gadolinium-enhancing lesions], and no protocol-defined relapse) from baseline to week 120 was determined in ocrelizumab- (600 mg; n = 465) and placebo-treated (n = 234) patients.


The majority of ORATORIO study patients with PPMS experienced clinical progression or evidence of disease activity. From baseline to week 120, 29.9% and 42.7% ocrelizumab-treated compared to 9.4% and 29.1% placebo-treated patients maintained NEPAD (relative risk [95% confidence interval {CI}], 3.15 [2.07-4.79]; p < 0.001) and NEP (relative risk [95% CI], 1.47 [1.17-1.84]; p < 0.001), respectively. Effects on the individual components of both measures were consistent with the compound outcomes.


Compared to placebo, ocrelizumab enhanced 3-fold the proportion of PPMS patients with no evidence of either progression or inflammatory disease activity. NEPAD may represent a sensitive and meaningful comprehensive measure of disease control in patients with PPMS. Ann Neurol 2018;84:527-536.

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