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Individual differences in false memory from misinformation: Cognitive factors

  • Author(s): Zhu, B
  • Chen, C
  • Loftus, EF
  • Lin, C
  • He, Q
  • Chen, C
  • Li, H
  • Xue, G
  • Lu, Z
  • Dong, Q
  • et al.
Abstract

This research investigated the cognitive correlates of false memories that are induced by the misinformation paradigm. A large sample of Chinese college students (N=436) participated in a misinformation procedure and also took a battery of cognitive tests. Results revealed sizable and systematic individual differences in false memory arising from exposure to misinformation. False memories were significantly and negatively correlated with measures of intelligence (measured with Raven's Advanced Progressive Matrices and Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale), perception (Motor-Free Visual Perception Test, Change Blindness, and Tone Discrimination), memory (Wechsler Memory Scales and 2-back Working Memory tasks), and face judgement (Face Recognition and Facial Expression Recognition). These findings suggest that people with relatively low intelligence and poor perceptual abilities might be more susceptible to the misinformation effect. © 2010 Psychology Press.

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