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Open Access Publications from the University of California

Vehicle Suspension Design Based on a Six-Bar Linkage

  • Author(s): Plecnik, Mark M
  • McCarthy, J Michael
  • et al.

A synthesis technique for designing novel vehicle suspension linkages based on the Watt I six-bar is presented. The goal is to maintain near vertical alignment of the wheels to the road during cornering. The complete suspension is analyzed as a symmetric planar 12-bar linkage with ground pivots located at the contact patches. The design procedure specifies the vehicle chassis orientation and the tire camber angles of the vehicle when cornering. As well, two task positions of the wheels with respect to the chassis are specified for suspension movement in straightaways. The result is 18 design equations with 18 unknowns that have a total degree of 2,097,152, though only 336 roots. An example design is presented.

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