Skip to main content
Open Access Publications from the University of California


UC San Francisco Previously Published Works bannerUCSF

Scatter Artifact with Ga-68-PSMA-11 PET: Severity Reduced With Furosemide Diuresis and Improved Scatter Correction.



To assess the utility of furosemide diuresis and the role of an improved scatter correction algorithm in reducing scatter artifact severity on Ga-68- Prostate-specific membrane antigen (PSMA)-11 positron emission tomography (PET).

Materials and methods

A total of 139 patients underwent Ga-68-PSMA-11 PET imaging for prostate cancer: 47 non-time-of-flight (non-TOF) PET/computed tomography, 51 PET/magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) using the standard TOF scatter correction algorithm, and 41 PET/MRI using an improved TOF scatter correction algorithm. Whole-body PET acquisitions were subdivided into 3 regions: around kidneys; between kidneys and bladder; and around bladder. The images were reviewed, and scatter artifact severity was rated using a Likert-type scale.


The worst scatter occurred when using non-TOF scatter correction without furosemide, where 42.1% of patients demonstrated severe scatter artifacts in 1 or more regions. Improved TOF scatter correction resulted in the smallest percentage of studies with severe scatter (6.5%). Scatter ratings by region were lowest using improved TOF scatter correction. Furosemide reduced mean scatter severity when using non-TOF and standard TOF.


Both furosemide and scatter correction algorithm play a role in reducing scatter in PSMA PET. Improved TOF scatter correction resulted in the lowest scatter severity.

Many UC-authored scholarly publications are freely available on this site because of the UC's open access policies. Let us know how this access is important for you.

Main Content
For improved accessibility of PDF content, download the file to your device.
Current View