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Identification of optimal prediction models using multi-omic data for selecting hybrid rice


Genomic prediction benefits hybrid rice breeding by increasing selection intensity and accelerating breeding cycles. With the rapid advancement of technology, other omic data, such as metabolomic data and transcriptomic data, are readily available for predicting breeding values for agronomically important traits. In this study, the best prediction strategies were determined for yield, 1000 grain weight, number of grains per panicle, and number of tillers per plant of hybrid rice (derived from recombinant inbred lines) by comprehensively evaluating all possible combinations of omic datasets with different prediction methods. It was demonstrated that, in rice, the predictions using a combination of genomic and metabolomic data generally produce better results than single-omics predictions or predictions based on other combined omic data. Best linear unbiased prediction (BLUP) appears to be the most efficient prediction method compared to the other commonly used approaches, including least absolute shrinkage and selection operator (LASSO), stochastic search variable selection (SSVS), support vector machines with radial basis function and epsilon regression (SVM-R(EPS)), support vector machines with radial basis function and nu regression (SVM-R(NU)), support vector machines with polynomial kernel and epsilon regression (SVM-P(EPS)), support vector machines with polynomial kernel and nu regression (SVM-P(NU)) and partial least squares regression (PLS). This study has provided guidelines for selection of hybrid rice in terms of which types of omic datasets and which method should be used to achieve higher trait predictability. The answer to these questions will benefit academic research and will also greatly reduce the operative cost for the industry which specializes in breeding and selection.

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