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Tailored terahertz pulses from a laser-modulated electron beam

  • Author(s): Martin, Michael C.;
  • Byrd, John;
  • Hao, Zhao;
  • Robin, David;
  • Sannibale, Fernando;
  • Schoenlein, Robert W.;
  • Zholents, Alexander;
  • Zolotorev, Max
  • et al.
Abstract

Interaction of an electron beam with a femtosecond laser pulseco-propagating through a wiggler modulates the electronenergies within a short slice of the electron bunch comparable with the duration of the laser pulse (Figure 1). Propagating around an electron storage ring, this bunch develops a longitudinal density perturbation due to the dispersion of electron trajectories. Figure 1 shows how this creates femtosecond electron bunch wings which are used for femtosecond x-ray light. In addition, this density perturbation emits temporally and spatially coherent tera-hertz pulses whichare inherently synchronized to the modulating laser. This gives us a new way to study coherent synchrotron radaition, and creates an opportunity for tuning the THz emmission specifically for the needs of a given experiment.

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