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Gender Dysphoria in Adults: An Overview and Primer for Psychiatrists.

  • Author(s): Byne, William
  • Karasic, Dan H
  • Coleman, Eli
  • Eyler, A Evan
  • Kidd, Jeremy D
  • Meyer-Bahlburg, Heino FL
  • Pleak, Richard R
  • Pula, Jack
  • et al.
Abstract

Regardless of their area of specialization, adult psychiatrists are likely to encounter gender-variant patients; however, medical school curricula and psychiatric residency training programs devote little attention to their care. This article aims to assist adult psychiatrists who are not gender specialists in the delivery of respectful, clinically competent, and culturally attuned care to gender-variant patients, including those who identify as transgender or transsexual or meet criteria for the diagnosis of Gender Dysphoria (GD) as defined by The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (5th edition). The article will also be helpful for other mental health professionals. The following areas are addressed: evolution of diagnostic nosology, epidemiology, gender development, and mental health assessment, differential diagnosis, treatment, and referral for gender-affirming somatic treatments of adults with GD.

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