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Open Access Publications from the University of California

A discrete element method representation of an anisotropic elastic continuum

  • Author(s): Truszkowska, A
  • Yu, Q
  • Greaney, PA
  • Evans, TM
  • Kruzic, JJ
  • et al.

A method for modeling cubically anisotropic elasticity within the discrete element method is presented. The discrete element method (DEM) is an approach originally intended for modeling granular materials (sand, soil, and powders); however, recent developments have usefully extended it to model stochastic mechanical processes in monolithic solids which, to date, have been assumed to be elastically isotropic. The method presented here for efficiently capturing cubic elasticity in DEM is an important prerequisite for further extending DEM to capture the influence of elastic anisotropy on the mechanical response of polycrystals, composites, etc. The system demonstrated here uses a directionally assigned stiffness in the bonds between adjacent elements and includes separate schemes for achieving anisotropy with Zener ratios greater and smaller than one. The model framework is presented along with an analysis of the accessible space of elastic properties that can be modeled and an artificial neural network interpolation scheme for mapping input parameters to model elastic behavior.

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