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Exotic superconducting phases of ultracold atom mixtures on triangular lattices

  • Author(s): Mathey, Ludwig
  • Tsai, Shan-Wen
  • Castro Neto, Antonio H.
  • et al.

We study the phase diagram of two-dimensional Bose-Fermi mixtures of ultracold atoms on a triangular optical lattice, in the limit when the velocity of bosonic condensate fluctuations is much larger than the Fermi velocity. We contrast this work with our previous results for a square lattice system in the work of Mathey et al. [Phys. Rev. Lett. 97, 030601 (2006)]. Using functional renormalization-group techniques we show that the phase diagrams for a triangular lattice contain exotic superconducting phases. For spin-1/2 fermions on an isotropic lattice we find a competition of s-, p-, extended d-, and f-wave symmetries, as well as antiferromagnetic order. For an anisotropic lattice, we further find an extended p-wave phase. A Bose-Fermi mixture with spinless fermions on an isotropic lattice shows a competition between p- and f-wave symmetries. These phases can be traced back to the geometric shapes of the Fermi surfaces in various regimes, as well as the intrinsic frustration of a triangular lattice.

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