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A new earwig of the genus Echinosoma from Penang Island, Peninsular Malaysia, with notes on the taxonomic and nomenclatural problems of the genus Cranopygia (Insecta, Dermaptera, Pygidicranidae)


The pygidicranid earwigs (Dermaptera) of Penang Island, Peninsular Malaysia were re-examined based on material collected in extensive field surveys in 2012-2013 and 2015. Echinosoma roseiventre Kamimura & Nishikawa, sp. n. is described and illustrated, and Cranopygia pallidipennis (de Haan, 1842) is reported from the island for the first time. The taxonomic and nomenclatural problems of the genus Cranopygiasensu Hincks (1959) [A Systematic Monograph of the Dermaptera of the World. Part II. Pygidicranidae excluding Diplatyinae. British Museum (Natural History)] are also discussed. For the members of the subfamily Pygidicraninae from Indo-Austral and Oriental regions, the system, definitions of genera, and key of Hincks (1959) are followed. The genus Mucrocranopygia Steinmann, 1986 is synonymized with Cranopygia Burr, 1908. A key to the males of small Echinosoma from the Oriental region is provided.

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