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Trends and issues in the Medicaid 1915(c) waiver program.

  • Author(s): Miller, NA
  • Ramsland, S
  • Harrington, C
  • et al.

Over the past 15 years, Medicaid 1915(c) home and community-based waivers have made a substantial contribution to States' efforts to transform their long-term care (LTC) systems from largely institutional to community-based systems. By 1997, every State had implemented a waiver program for at least some subgroups of individuals with disabilities, and expenditures increased from $3.8 million in 1982 to more than $8.1 billion in 1997. Emerging, as well as long-standing, policy issues related to the waiver program include concerns with access, variation in availability by disability group, State decisions related to the provision of community-based LTC, and evidence on effectiveness.

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