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Evaluation and Utility of a Family Information Table to Identify and Test Children at Risk for HIV in Kenya.
- Author(s): Meyer, Michelle;
- Elmer-DeWitt, Molly;
- Blat, Cinthia;
- Shade, Starley B;
- Kapule, Ijaa;
- Bukusi, Elizabeth;
- Cohen, Craig R;
- Abuogi, Lisa
- et al.
Published Web Locationhttps://doi.org/10.21106/ijma.30
BackgroundEffective strategies to identify and screen children at risk for HIV are needed. The objectives of this study were to evaluate the utilization of a family information table (FIT) to identify and test at-risk children in Kenya and identify factors associated with child testing.
MethodsA cross-sectional study was conducted among HIV-infected adults with children at five Kenyan clinics. HIV testing status for children aged ≤18 years was gathered from the patients' FITs and compared to reports from in-person clinic visits as the gold standard. Generalized estimating equations were used to assess predictors for HIV testing of children adjusted for confounders and within parent correlation.
ResultsOur sample included 384 HIV-infected adults enrolled in care with 933 reported children. Overall, 323 FITs (84%) correctly listed all children in the family and 340 (89%) documented an HIV testing status (including untested) for all children. Seventy-five percent of parents verbally reported all children tested, compared to only 46% of FITs (OR=13.5, 95% CI 6.5-27.8). Verbal reports identified 739 (79%) children tested, with 55 (7.4%) HIV-positive and 17 (2.3%) HIV-exposed infants (HEI). Of 63 adults with HIV-positive children or HEI, 60 (95%) reported enrolling children into care. Likelihood that children had been tested was higher for younger children (≤4y vs. > 4y, aOR=2.0; 95% CI 1.4-2.9) and lower if the partner's serostatus was unknown vs. seropositive (aOR=0.3; 95% CI: 0.1-0.8).
ConclusionsAlthough the FIT may be a useful tool to identify children at risk for HIV, this study found underutilization by providers. To maximize impact of this tool, documentation of follow-up for untested and positive children is essential.
Global health implicationsThrough early documentation of at-risk children and follow up of untested and infected children, the FIT may serve as an effective resource for improving HIV testing and linkage to care.
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