Clinical Practice and Cases in Emergency Medicine
Double Steal Phenomenon: Emergency Department Management of Recurrent Transient Ischemic Attack
- Author(s): Rawal, Amit R.
- Bufano, Collin
- Saeed, Omar
- Khan, Asif A.
- et al.
Published Web Locationhttps://doi.org/10.5811/cpcem.2019.1.40960
Double steal phenomenon is a rare condition where occlusion of the innominate (brachiocephalic) artery leads to hemodynamic changes in which blood flow is shunted from the intracranial circulation down the right vertebral artery and subsequently up the right carotid and subclavian circulation. This is a case of a 67-year-old female presenting emergently with recurrent transient ischemic attacks due to double steal phenomenon. Emergency department recognition of the double steal phenomenon and large vessel occlusion by computed tomography angiogram of the head and neck allowed for early treatment, which was critical in avoiding irreversible cerebral infarction.