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Open Access Publications from the University of California

Aging and sense of control.

  • Author(s): Shapiro, DH
  • Sandman, CA
  • Grossman, M
  • Grossman, B
  • et al.

Three groups representing different phases of the developmental lifecycle--12 senior citizens, 67 young adults, and 14 healthy middle-aged normal adults--were assessed using a multidimensional control inventory. Senior citizens had a healthy over-all sense of control comparable to those of the other two groups and a significantly lower (healthier) negative sense of control. They also were significantly more likely to endorse acceptance as a way of addressing areas of concern and to complement self as a source of control with a sense of control coming from others (including God, belief in a higher power).

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