Multiple mechanisms for E2F binding inhibition by phosphorylation of the retinoblastoma protein C-terminal domain.
- Author(s): Burke, Jason R;
- Liban, Tyler J;
- Restrepo, Tamara;
- Lee, Hsiau-Wei;
- Rubin, Seth M
- et al.
Published Web Locationhttps://doi.org/10.1016/j.jmb.2013.09.031
The retinoblastoma protein C-terminal domain (RbC) is necessary for the tumor suppressor protein's activities in growth suppression and E2F transcription factor inhibition. Cyclin-dependent kinase phosphorylation of RbC contributes to Rb inactivation and weakens the Rb-E2F inhibitory complex. Here we demonstrate two mechanisms for how RbC phosphorylation inhibits E2F binding. We find that phosphorylation of S788 and S795 weakens the direct association between the N-terminal portion of RbC (RbC(N)) and the marked-box domains of E2F and its heterodimerization partner DP. Phosphorylation of these sites and S807/S811 also induces an intramolecular association between RbC and the pocket domain, which overlaps with the site of E2F transactivation domain binding. A reduction in E2F binding affinity occurs with S788/S795 phosphorylation that is additive with the effects of phosphorylation at other sites, and we propose a structural mechanism that explains this additivity. We find that different Rb phosphorylation events have distinct effects on activating E2F family members, which suggests a novel mechanism for how Rb may differentially regulate E2F activities.