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The Evolution of Ovoviviparity in a Temporally Varying Environment.

  • Author(s): Mueller, Laurence D;
  • Bitner, Kathreen
  • et al.

Published Web Location Commons 'BY' version 4.0 license

Environments that vary within a generation of an organism provide opportunities for adaptation if the level of variation is severe and predictable. We describe a model of evolution in such environments with genotypes that show trade-offs in viability and fecundity. One genotype develops rapidly and has superior viability but reduced fertility relative to the alternative genotype. Conditions that allow the evolution of the rapidly developing genotypes are explored. We show how the evolution of ovoviviparity and resource specialization in Drosophila sechellia shares many important features of this model. We suggest that our model may capture many of the evolutionary forces responsible for the evolution of niche specialization and ovoviviparity seen in D. sechellia.

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