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Association between statin use, atherosclerosis, and mortality in HIV-infected adults.

  • Author(s): Phan, Binh An P;
  • Ma, Yifei;
  • Scherzer, Rebecca;
  • Deeks, Steven G;
  • Hsue, Priscilla Y
  • et al.
Abstract

Background

While HIV infection is associated with increased cardiovascular risk, benefit from statin is not well established in HIV-infected adults. We assessed whether statins are associated with a decrease in carotid artery intima-media thickness (cIMT) progression and all-cause mortality in HIV-infected adults who are at elevated ASCVD risk and recommended for statins.

Methods

Carotid IMT was measured at baseline and follow-up in 127 HIV-infected adults who meet ACC/AHA criteria to be on statins. Inverse probability of treatment weighting (IPTW) was used to address selection bias. Multivariable models were used to control for baseline characteristics.

Results

28 subjects (22%) were on statins and 99 subjects (78%) were not. Mean cIMT at baseline was 1.2 mm (SD = 0.34) in statin users and 1.1 mm (SD = 0.34) in non-users, and the multivariable adjusted difference was 0.05mm (95%CI -0.11, 0.21 p = 0.53). After 3.2 years of follow-up, average cIMT progression was similar in statin users and non-users (0.062mm/yr vs. 0.058 mm/yr) and the multivariable adjusted difference over the study period was 0.004 mm/yr (95% CI -0.018, 0.025, p = 0.74). All-cause mortality appeared higher in non-statin users compared with statin users, but the difference was not significant (adjusted HR = 0.74, 95%CI 0.17-3.29, p = 0.70).

Conclusion

In a HIV cohort who had elevated ASCVD risk and meet ACC/AHA criteria for statins, treatment with statins was not associated with a reduction in carotid atherosclerosis progression or total mortality. Future studies are needed to further explore the impact of statins on cardiovascular risk in the HIV-infected population.

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