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The Role of Telemedicine to Alleviate an Increasingly Burdened Healthcare System: Retinopathy of Prematurity


Telemedicine-based remote digital fundus imaging (RDFI-TM) offers a promising platform for the screening of retinopathy of prematurity. RDFI-TM addresses some of the challenges faced by ophthalmologists in examining this vulnerable population in both low- and high-income countries. In this review, we studied the evidence on the use of RDFI-TM and analyzed the practical framework for RDFI-TM systems. We assessed the novel technological advances that can be deployed within RDFI-TM systems including noncontact imaging systems, smartphone-based imaging tools, and deep learning algorithms.

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