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The amazon dense gnss meteorological network a new approach for examining water vapor and deep convection interactions in the tropics

  • Author(s): Adams, DK;
  • Fernandes, RMS;
  • Holub, KL;
  • Gutman, SI;
  • Barbosa, HMJ;
  • Machado, LAT;
  • Calheiros, AJP;
  • Bennett, RA;
  • Robert Kursinski, E;
  • Sapucci, LF;
  • Demets, C;
  • Chagas, GFB;
  • Arellano, A;
  • Filizola, N;
  • Rocha, AAA;
  • Silva, RA;
  • Assunção, LMF;
  • Cirino, GG;
  • Pauliquevis, T;
  • Portela, BTT;
  • Sá, A;
  • De Sousa, JM;
  • Tanaka, LMS
  • et al.

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The Amazon Dense Global Navigational Satellite System (GNSS) Meteorological Network ((ADGMN) provides high spatiotemporal resolution, all-weather precipitable water vapor for studying the evolution of continental tropical and sea-breeze convective regimes of Amazonia. The ADGMN campaign consisted of two experiments: a 6-week campaign in and around Belem, which coincided with the Cloud Processes of the Main Precipitation Systems in Brazil: A Contribution to Cloud-Resolving Modeling and to the Global Precipitation Measurement (CHUVA) and a 1-yr campaign in and around Manaus. The Belem network was composed of 15 GNSS/meteorological stations that provided high-frequency (5 min) PWV data as well as surface meteorological variables For the 6-week duration of the Belem experiment, days were categorized as convective (22 days) or nonconvective (19 days) based solely on a minimum cloud-top temperature of 240 K or below over the central portion of the network and a report of precipitation at at least one site during the afternoon or evening. The Manaus network commenced in April 2011 with 12 GNSS meteorological stations. Local circulations in Manaus driven by anthropogenic deforestation have, in particular, received attention.

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