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Interrogating the Osmotic Pressure of Self-Crowded Bovine Serum Albumin Solutions: Implications of Specific Monovalent Anion Effects Relative to the Hofmeister Series

  • Author(s): Hale, CS
  • Ornelas, DN
  • Yang, JS
  • Chang, L
  • Vang, K
  • Batarseh, RN
  • Ozaki, N
  • Rodgers, VGJ
  • et al.
Abstract

The free-solvent-based (FSB) model and osmotic pressure were used to probe the ion binding and protein hydration for self-crowded bovine serum albumin in 0.15 M NaF, NaCl, NaI, and NaSCN solutions. All experiments were conducted with solutions at pH 7.4. The regressed results of the FSB model behavior to the measured osmotic pressure were excellent, albeit, the osmotic pressure data for NaSCN were noisy. The resulting ion binding and hydration were realistic values and the covariance of the two parameters was exceptionally low, providing substantial credibility to the FSB model. The results showed that the kosmotropic F- and neutral Cl- solutions generated significantly higher ion binding and protein hydration than the chaotropic solutions of I- and SCN-. Further, the ionic strength ratio and resulting hydration implied that the chaotropic solutions had substantially higher aggregation than the other salts investigated. Overall, the FSB model provides an additional, complementary tool to contribute to the analysis of crowded protein solutions relative to anions in the Hofmeister series as it can interrogate crowded solutions directly; something that is not possible with many measurement techniques.

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