Skip to main content
Open Access Publications from the University of California

UCLA Library

Library Prize for Undergraduate Research bannerUCLA

The UCLA Library Prize for Undergraduate Research recognizes and honors excellence in undergraduate research at UCLA.

The inspiration for the UCLA Library Prize for Undergraduate Research came from Ruth Simon, lover of books and libraries.

Simon earned her BA in English at UCLA and served as UCLA's campus counsel for many years until her retirement in 2003. Her many memories of her college years include countless hours spent in the undergraduate library, studying for classes and exams or enjoying classic works of English literature.

Guided by her passion for reading and research and wishing to share her love of libraries, Simon established the Ruth Simon Library Prize for Undergraduate Research, the first endowment of its kind at UCLA, to inspire and reward UCLA undergraduates for outstanding library research now and for generations yet to come.

For more information about the Library Prize, including submission guidelines, please visit

Cover page of The Direct and Indirect Effects of HIV-1 on Cells of the Central Nervous System

The Direct and Indirect Effects of HIV-1 on Cells of the Central Nervous System


Abstract: HIV-1 is the most common Human Immunodeficiency Virus. It attacks the body’s immune system and kills CD4 cells. Antiretroviraltherapies (ART) have been developed to combat HIV-1, however HIV-1 persists is due to reservoirs of latent virus in the body. Inaddition, up to 50% of patients on ART will develop motor/memory impairments later in life withHIV-1 associated neurocognitive diseases (HAND)(Rai2020). Previous experiments have found that cells in the central nervous system (CNS), such as astrocytes andmicroglia, are potential reservoirs for latent HIV in the body and could contribute to HAND (Wallet 2019). However, the results are conflicting as to which cell types can be infected. Targeting these reservoirs in vivo is challenging due to the blood-brain barrier preventing drugs from reaching these reservoirs (Wallet 2019). In the lab, the mechanisms of HIV infection can be studied using the replication competent strain, AD8 or dEnv, a virus pseudotyped with an envelope from Vesicular Stomatitis Virus (VSV) that has a different entry mechanism to infect cells, but cannot replicate (Hastie 2013). In my research project, I hypothesize that AD8 will selectively infect microglial cells. Microglial cells infected with either AD8 or dEnv will then lead to reactive changes in astrocytes and neurons leading to the pathology seen in HAND. In this study, the production of human pluripotent stem cell (hPSC) derived microglia, neurons, and astrocytes was optimized using immuno histochemistry (IHC) and qPCR. The effects of HIV infectionon microglia proliferation and migration was determined. After successful  differentiation of neural progenit or cells (NPCs) to neurons and astrocytes, atri-culture system was then optimized to study the indirect effects of HIV infection, via the consequence of infected microglia on other cells in the CNS.

Cover page of When Court-Made Rules Fail: Leveraging the Private Market to Stop Misinformation in Advertising

When Court-Made Rules Fail: Leveraging the Private Market to Stop Misinformation in Advertising


The internet has given large corporations huge platforms to spread misinformation in their advertising. Due to the statute of limitations defense, government agencies are unable to effectively discourage this misinformation by themselves. Companies using the defense are more protected from government-led lawsuits the longer they get away with spreading false information, giving them little reason to stop making those misrepresentations. Traditionally, for situations when the statute of limitations defense has produced seemingly inequitable results, courts have developed exceptions to the usual rules of the defense. However, none of the exceptions permit the government to discourage consumer fraud without dismantling the statute of limitations defense. This article argues that because of the statute of limitations defense, government agencies alone are unable to stop misinformation in advertising. Therefore, they should focus their broad investigative powers on exposing the fraud and stopping it with injunctive relief. Once the fraud is exposed, plaintiffs in the private market can seek their own relief. Their lawsuits face much lessrestrictive statute of limitations rules than government-led lawsuits. Corporations will be discouraged from committing fraud because they know that, even if they are successful for a long time, they will remain vulnerable to private plaintiffs. This joint action by the government and the private market will discourage misinformation in advertising without doing undue damage to the statute of limitations defense.