Fold deformation in three dimensions involves shortening, uplift, and lateral growth. Fluvial terraces represent strain markers that have been widely applied to constrain a fold's shortening and uplift. For the lateral growth, however, the utility of fluvial terraces has been commonly ignored. Situated along northern margin of Chinese Pamir, the Mushi anticline preserves, along its northern flank, flights of passively deformed fluvial terraces that can be used to constrain three-dimensional folding history, especially lateral growth. The Mushi anticline is a geometrically simple fault-tip fold with a total shortening of 740 ± 110 m and rock uplift of ~1300 m. Geologic and geomorphic mapping and dGPS surveys reveal that terrace surfaces perpendicular to the fold's strike display increased rotation with age, implying the fold grows by progressive limb rotation. We use a pure-shear fault-tip fold model to estimate a uniform shortening rate of 1.5 + 1.3/-0.5 mm/a and a rock-uplift rate of 2.3 + 2.1/-0.8 mm/a. Parallel to the fold's strike, longitudinal profiles of terrace surfaces also display age-dependent increases in slopes. We present a new model to distinguish lateral growth mechanisms (lateral lengthening and/or rotation above a fixed tip). This model indicates that eastward lengthening of the Mushi anticline ceased by at least ~134 ka and its lateral growth has been dominated by rotation. Our study confirms that terrace deformation along a fold's strike not only can constrain the lateral lengthening rate but can serve to quantify the magnitude and rate of lateral rotation: attributes that are commonly difficult to define when relying on other geomorphic criteria. © 2013. American Geophysical Union. All Rights Reserved.