Ring artifact reduction via multiscale nonlocal collaborative filtering of spatially correlated noise
Published Web Locationhttps://doi.org/10.1107/s1600577521001910
X-ray micro-tomography systems often suffer severe ring artifacts in reconstructed images. These artifacts are caused by defects in the detector, calibration errors, and fluctuations producing streak noise in the raw sinogram data. In this work, these streaks are modeled in the sinogram domain as additive stationary correlated noise upon logarithmic transformation. Based on this model, a streak removal procedure is proposed where the Block-Matching and 3-D (BM3D) filtering algorithm is applied across multiple scales, achieving state-of-the-art performance in both real and simulated data. Specifically, the proposed fully automatic procedure allows for attenuation of streak noise and the corresponding ring artifacts without creating major distortions common to other streak removal algorithms.