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Ecology of sea ice biota - 1. Habitat, terminology, and methodology

  • Author(s): Horner, R
  • Ackley, SF
  • Dieckmann, GS
  • Gulliksen, B
  • Hoshiai, T
  • Legendre, L
  • Melnikov, IA
  • Reeburgh, WS
  • Spindler, M
  • Sullivan, CW
  • et al.
Abstract

Polar regions are covered by extensive sea ice that is inhabited by a variety of plants and animals. The environments where the organisms live vary depending on the structure and age of the ice. Many terms have been used to describe the habitats and the organisms. We here characterize the habitats and communities and suggest some standard terms for them. We also suggest routine sampling methods and reporting units for measurements of biological and chemical variables. © 1992 Springer-Verlag GmbH & Co. KG.

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