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Switching between Magnetic Bloch and Néel Domain Walls with Anisotropy Modulations.

Abstract

It has been shown previously that the presence of a Dzyaloshinskii-Moriya interaction in perpendicularly magnetized thin films stabilizes Néel type domain walls. We demonstrate, using micromagnetic simulations and analytical modeling, that the presence of a uniaxial in plane magnetic anisotropy can also lead to the formation of Néel walls in the absence of a Dzyaloshinskii-Moriya interaction. It is possible to abruptly switch between Bloch and Néel walls via a small modulation of the in plane, but also the perpendicular, magnetic anisotropy. This opens up a route toward electric field control of the domain wall type with small applied voltages through electric field controlled anisotropies.

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