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Open Access Publications from the University of California

Effect of (1 1 1)-oriented strain on the structure and magnetic properties of La0.7Sr0.3MnO3 thin films


Using strain, i.e. subtle changes in lattice constant in a thin film induced by the underlying substrate, opens up intriguing new ways to control material properties. We present a study of the effects of strain on structural and ferromagnetic properties of (1 1 1)pc-oriented La0.7Sr0.3MnO3 epitaxial thin films grown on NdGaO3, SrTiO3, and DyScO3 substrates. (The subscript pc denotes the pseudo-cubic symmetry.) The results show that La0.7Sr0.3MnO3 assumes a monoclinic unit cell on NdGaO3 and DyScO3 and a rhombohedral unit cell on SrTiO3. For La0.7Sr0.3MnO3 on NdGaO3 and DyScO3 a uniaxial magnetic anisotropy is found, while La0.7Sr0.3MnO3 on SrTiO3 is magnetically isotropic. The Néel model is used to explain the anisotropy of the thin films on NdGaO3 and SrTiO3, however, for La0.7Sr0.3MnO3 on DyScO3 the effect of octahedral rotations needs to be included through the single ion model. Through examination of the Curie temperature of the strained films we suggest that (1 1 1)-strain has a different effect on the Jahn-Teller splitting of e g and t 2g electron levels than what is seen in (0 0 1)pc-oriented La0.7Sr0.3MnO3 thin films.

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