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Open Access Publications from the University of California

Periodic Trends in Actinyl Thio-Crown Ether Complexes.

  • Author(s): Hu, Shu-Xian;
  • Liu, Jing-Jing;
  • Gibson, John K;
  • Li, Jun
  • et al.

In-cavity complexes and their bonding features between thio-crown (TC) ethers and f-elements are unexplored so far. In this paper, actinyl(VI) (An = U, Np, Pu, Am, and Cm) complexes of TC ethers have been characterized using relativistic density functional theory. The TC ether ligands include tetrathio-12-crown-4 (12TC4), pentathio-15-crown-5 (15TC5), and hexathio-18-crown-6 (18TC6). On the basis of the calculations, it is found that the "double-decker" sandwich structure of AnO2(12TC4)22+ and "side-on" structure AnO2(12TC4)2+ are changed to "insertion" structures for AnO2(15TC5)2+ and AnO2(18TC6)2+ due to increased size of the TC ether ligands. The actinyl monocyclic TC ether complexes are found to exhibit conventional conformations, with typical An-Oactinyl and An-Sligand distances and angles. Chemical bonding analyses by Weinhold's natural population analysis (NPA), natural localized molecular orbital (NLMO), and energy decomposed analysis (EDA), show that a typical ionic An-Sligand bond with the extent of covalent interaction between the An and S atoms primarily attributable to the degree of radial distribution of the S 3p atomic orbitals. The similarity and difference of the oxo-crown and TC ethers as ligands for actinide coordination chemistry are discussed. As soft S-donor ligands, TC ethers may be candidate ligands for actinide recognition and extraction.

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