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Open Access Publications from the University of California

Efficient operator-coarsening multigrid schemes for local discontinuous galerkin methods

  • Author(s): Fortunato, D
  • Rycroft, CH
  • Saye, R
  • et al.

© 2019 Society for Industrial and Applied Mathematics Publications. All rights reserved. An efficient hp-multigrid scheme is presented for local discontinuous Galerkin (LDG) discretizations of elliptic problems, formulated around the idea of separately coarsening the underlying discrete gradient and divergence operators. We show that traditional multigrid coarsening of the primal formulation leads to poor and suboptimal multigrid performance, whereas coarsening of the flux formulation leads to essentially optimal convergence and is equivalent to a purely geometric multigrid method. The resulting operator-coarsening schemes do not require the entire mesh hierarchy to be explicitly built, thereby obviating the need to compute quadrature rules, lifting operators, and other mesh-related quantities on coarse meshes. We show that good multigrid convergence rates are achieved in a variety of numerical tests on two-dimensional and three-dimensional uniform and adaptive Cartesian grids, as well as for curved domains using implicitly defined meshes and for multiphase elliptic interface problems with complex geometry. Extensions, e.g., to non-LDG discretizations and fully unstructured meshes, are briefly discussed.

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