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Open Access Publications from the University of California

Nuclear structure investigations of Es253−255 by laser spectroscopy


Laser resonance ionization spectroscopy was performed on the rare einsteinium isotopes Es253-255 at the RISIKO mass separator in Mainz. With low sample sizes ranging down to femtograms, the prominent 352 nm-ground-state transition was measured in all three einsteinium isotopes, and four additional ground-state transitions were measured in Es254. Hyperfine-structure analysis resulted in assigned spin values of I(Es254)=7 and I(Es255)=7/2. From the extracted coupling constants, nuclear magnetic dipole moments of μI(Es254)=3.42(7)μN and μI(Es255)=4.14(10)μN as well as spectroscopic electric quadrupole moments of Qs(Es254)=9.6(1.2)eb and Qs(Es255)=5.1(1.7)eb were derived. Our value for Es254 deviates from the value of |μI(Es254)|=4.35(41)μN extracted from the angular anisotropy of α-radiation emitted by Es254.

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