Probing nanoparticle substrate interactions with synchrotron infrared nanospectroscopy: Coupling gold nanorod Fabry-Pérot resonances with SiO2 and h-BN phonons
Published Web Locationhttps://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevB.104.035412
Spectroscopic interrogation of materials in the midinfrared with nanometer spatial resolution is inherently difficult due to the long wavelengths involved, reduced detector efficiencies, and limited availability of spectrally bright, coherent light sources. Technological advances are driving techniques that overcome these challenges, enabling material characterization in this relatively unexplored spectral regime. Synchrotron infrared nanospectroscopy (SINS) is an imaging technique that provides local sample information of nanoscale target specimens in an experimental energy window between 330 and 5000 cm-1. Using SINS, we analyzed a series of individual gold nanorods patterned on a SiO2 substrate and on a flake of hexagonal boron nitride. The SINS spectra reveal interactions between the nanorod photonic Fabry-Pérot resonances and the surface phonon polaritons of each substrate, which are characterized as avoided crossings. A coupled oscillator model of the hybrid system provides a deeper understanding of the coupling and provides a theoretical framework for future exploration.