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Open Access Publications from the University of California

The Chewaucan Cave Cache: A Specialized Tool Kit from Eastern Oregon

  • Author(s): Kallenbach, Elizabeth A.
  • et al.

The Chewaucan Cave cache, discovered in 1967 by relic collectors digging in eastern Oregon, consists of a large grass bag that contained a number of other textiles and leather, including two Catlow twined baskets, two large folded linear nets, snares, a leather bag, a badger head pouch, other hide and cordage, as well as a decorated basalt maul. One of the nets returned an Accelerator Mass Spectrometry (AMS) radiocarbon date of 340±40 B.P. The cache has been noted in previous publications, but has never been fully documented. Because of the well- preserved perishables, and the direct association that the artifacts have with each other as a cache or tool kit, the assemblage is an excellent example of late Archaic hunting and textile technology, with basketry consistent with materials produced historically by the Klamath people.

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