Journal of California and Great Basin Anthropology
The Chewaucan Cave Cache: A Specialized Tool Kit from Eastern Oregon
- Author(s): Kallenbach, Elizabeth A.
- et al.
The Chewaucan Cave cache, discovered in 1967 by relic collectors digging in eastern Oregon, consists of a large grass bag that contained a number of other textiles and leather, including two Catlow twined baskets, two large folded linear nets, snares, a leather bag, a badger head pouch, other hide and cordage, as well as a decorated basalt maul. One of the nets returned an Accelerator Mass Spectrometry (AMS) radiocarbon date of 340±40 B.P. The cache has been noted in previous publications, but has never been fully documented. Because of the well- preserved perishables, and the direct association that the artifacts have with each other as a cache or tool kit, the assemblage is an excellent example of late Archaic hunting and textile technology, with basketry consistent with materials produced historically by the Klamath people.