Fixed field phase shifters for a multipass recirculating superconducting proton linac
Published Web Locationhttps://doi.org/10.1103/physrevaccelbeams.24.030101
The multi-pass recirculating proton linac can significantly improve the usage efficiency of rf superconducting cavities by accelerating the proton beam through the same cavity multiple times. However, in order to achieve acceleration for different energy proton beams, longitudinal phase synchronous conditions among these beams have to be satisfied. In this paper, we propose a fixed field phase shifter system based on two superconducting bending magnets with an optimized field distribution to meet the synchronous conditions. Such a phase shifter provides both longitudinal phase delay and transverse focusing of multiple energy beams. Self-consistent macroparticle simulations including space-charge effects through the system show that the proton beam emittances can be well preserved after the phase shifter for multiple energy beams.