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Open Access Publications from the University of California

Climate Change, Energy Efficiency, and IEQ: Challenges and Opportunities for ASHRAE


In the U.S, buildings consume approximately 39percent of primary energy, including 70percent of electricity [1]. Buildings are responsible for approximately 38percent of U. S. carbon dioxide emissions [1]. The process of HVAC, for maintaining acceptable indoor environmental quality (IEQ), consumes 37percent of the energy used in buildings [1].

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