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Open Access Publications from the University of California

Laser Fabrication of Two-Dimensional Rotating-Lattice Single Crystal


A rotating lattice single (RLS) crystal is a unique form of solid, which was fabricated recently as one-dimensional architecture in glass via solid state transformation induced by laser irradiation. In these objects, the lattice rotates gradually and predictably about an axis that lies in the plane of the crystal and is normal to the laser scanning direction. This paper reports on the fabrication of Sb2S3 two-dimensional (2D) RLS crystals on the surface of 16SbI3-84Sb2S3 glass, as a model example: individual RLS crystal lines are joined together using "stitching" or "rastering" as two successful protocols. The electron back scattered diffraction mapping and scanning Laue X-ray microdiffraction of the 2D RLS crystals show gradual rotation of lattice comprising of two components, one along the length of each line and another normal to this direction. The former component is determined by the rotation of the first line of the 2D pattern, but the relative contribution of the last component depends on the extent of overlap between two successive lines. By the appropriate choice of initial seed orientation and the direction of scanning, it is possible to control the lattice rotation, and even to reduce it down to 5 for a 50 × 50 μm2 2D pattern of Sb2S3 crystal.

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