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Open Access Publications from the University of California

Traders and Raiders: Aspects of Trans-Basin and California-Plateau Commerce, 1800-1830

  • Author(s): Layton, Thomas N
  • et al.

This paper examines the emergence of horse-facilitated commerce and the development of trade centers and of composite predatory bands of horse nomads between 1800 and 1830. It is argued that concurrent settlement shifts occurred during this period as pedestrian Indians moved to more protected, less vulnerable locations away from the major trade routes frequented by mounted traders and raiders.

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