Note: Axiomatic Derivation of the Doppler Factor and Related Relativistic Laws
- Author(s): Falmagne, Jean-Claude
- Doignon, Jean-Paul
- et al.
The formula for the relativistic Doppler effect is investigated in the context of two compelling invariance axioms. The axioms are expressed in terms of an abstract operation generalizing the relativistic addition of velocities. We prove the following results. (1) If the standard representation for the operation is not assumed a priori, then each of the two axioms is consistent with both the relativistic Doppler effect formula and the Lorentz-Fitzgerald Contraction. (2) If the standard representation for the operation is assumed, then the two axioms are equivalent to each other and to the relativistic Doppler effect formula. Thus, the axioms are inconsistent with the Lorentz-FitzGerald Contraction in this case. (3) If the Lorentz-FitzGerald Contraction is assumed, then the two axioms are equivalent to each other and to a different mathematical representation for the operation which applies in the case of perpendicular motions. The relativistic Doppler effect is derived up to one positive exponent parameter (replacing the square root). We prove these facts under regularity and other reasonable background conditions.