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Open Access Publications from the University of California

Grid-Interactive Efficient Building Technology Cost, Performance, and Lifetime Characteristics


This study develops current and projected performance, cost, and lifetime characteristics for residential and commercial building technologies and equipment with the potential to provide grid services. The list of technologies was developed based on data gathered from the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Grid Interactive Efficient Buildings (GEB) Technical Report Series, ENERGY STAR Connected Certified Products, and input from researchers at the U.S. national laboratories. For each technology, characteristics are provided for a typical case and a connected or grid-interactive case. Where data are available, current DOE appliance standard levels are given. Definitions vary by technology and are provided with each data table. Current data are provided for 2020 and projections are available for 2030, 2040, and 2050.

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