Skip to main content
eScholarship
Open Access Publications from the University of California

Inference of principal species in caustic aluminate solutions through solid-state spectroscopic characterization.

  • Author(s): Dembowski, Mateusz;
  • Prange, Micah P;
  • Pouvreau, Maxime;
  • Graham, Trent R;
  • Bowden, Mark E;
  • N'Diaye, Alpha;
  • Schenter, Gregory K;
  • Clark, Sue B;
  • Clark, Aurora E;
  • Rosso, Kevin M;
  • Pearce, Carolyn I
  • et al.
Abstract

Tetrahedrally coordinated aluminate Al(OH)4- and dialuminate Al2O(OH)62- anions are considered to be major species in aluminum-rich alkaline solutions. However, their relative abundance remains difficult to spectroscopically quantify due to local structure similarities and poorly understood effects arising from extent of polymerization and counter-cations. To help unravel these relationships here we report detailed characterization of three solid-phase analogues as structurally and compositionally well-defined reference materials. We successfully synthesized a cesium salt of the aluminate monomer, CsAl(OH)4·2H2O, for comparison to potassium and rubidium salts of the aluminate dimer, K2Al2O(OH)6, and Rb2Al2O(OH)6, respectively. Single crystal and powder X-ray diffraction methods clearly reveal the structure and purity of these materials for which a combination of 27Al MAS-NMR, Al K-edge X-ray absorption and Raman/IR spectroscopies was then used to fingerprint the two major tetrahedrally coordinated Al species. The resulting insights into the effect of Al-O-Al bridge formation between aluminate tetrahedra on spectroscopic features may also be generalized to the many materials that are based on this motif.

Main Content
For improved accessibility of PDF content, download the file to your device.
Current View