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Multi stage and illumination dependent segregation in MAPb(I,Br)3

  • Author(s): Babbe, F
  • Masquelier, E
  • Zheng, Z
  • Sutter-Fella, CM
  • et al.
Abstract

© COPYRIGHT SPIE. Downloading of the abstract is permitted for personal use only. An unsolved problem of mixed halide perovskites is the light induced compositional instability. Under illumination microscopic clusters with a higher iodide content form which act as efficient recombination centers reducing device performance. In photoluminescence measurements this leads to the development of a secondary peak at low energies that increases in intensity and shifts towards lower energies. Different theories for about the origin have been developed but the underlying key mechanisms are still under debate. In the presented study the photoluminescence evolution of MAPb(I1.5Br1.5) perovskites with varying microstructure is investigated at various excitation densities and temperatures. We find a more evolved segregation mechanism with an intermediate stage between the commonly reported mixed phase and the appearance of the I-rich clusters (Br content < 50%). In this intermediate stage perovskite domains with nearly pure iodide content form (Br content < 25%). Using low excitation densities, the interplay between the I-rich domains and the I-rich clusters leads to a blue shift of the conjunct I-rich luminescence peak. At high excitation densities the I-rich domains and the I-rich clusters are clearly distinguishable, due to a stronger PL response of the I-rich domains. With continuous illumination more I-rich cluster form acting as carrier traps and recombination centers. Due to this, the influence of the few I-rich domains on the PL signature decreases leaving only the commonly reported red shift of the I-rich clusters at later stages of the segregation. The formation of the I-rich domains is fully reversible in the dark and occurs also at elevated temperatures. Measurements on sample with varying grain size further indicate an enhanced formation of those I-rich domains on samples with high grain boundary density possibly by a faster halide mobility along them.

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