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A Fluorination Method for Improving Cation-Disordered Rocksalt Cathode Performance

  • Author(s): Ahn, J
  • Chen, D
  • Chen, G
  • et al.
Abstract

In Li-rich cation-disordered rocksalt oxide cathodes (DRX), partial fluorine substitution in the oxygen anion sublattice can increase the capacity contribution from transition-metal (TM) redox while reducing that from the less reversible oxygen redox. To date, limited fluorination substitution has been achieved by introducing LiF precursor during the solid-state synthesis. To take full advantage of the fluorination effect, however, a higher F content is desired. In the present study, the successful use of a fluorinated polymeric precursor is reported to increase the F solubility in DRX and the incorporation of F content up to 10–12.5 at% into the rocksalt lattice of a model Li-Mn-Nb-O (LMNO) system, largely exceeding the 7.5 at% limit achieved with LiF synthesis. Higher F content in the fluorinated-DRX (F-DRX) significantly improves electrochemical performance, with a reversible discharge capacity of ≈255 mAh g achieved at 10 at% of F substitution. After 30 cycles, up to a 40% increase in capacity retention is achieved through the fluorination. The study demonstrates the feasibility of using a new and effective fluorination process to synthesize advanced DRX cathode materials. −1

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