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Open Access Publications from the University of California

Heat Treatment Optimizations for Wind-and-React Bi-2212 Racetrack Coils

  • Author(s): Godeke, A
  • Cheng, DW
  • Dietderich, DR
  • Mentink, MGT
  • Prestemon, SO
  • Sabbi, GL
  • et al.

© 2012 Published by Elsevier B.V. Selection and/or peer-review under responsibility of the Guest Editors. Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL) is developing Wind-and-React (W&R) Bi2sr2cacu2o8+δ (Bi-2212) accelerator magnet technology for insert coils, to surpass the intrinsic limitations of Nb-based magnets, and eventually develop hybrid systems that can approach 20 T dipole fields. The Bi-2212 technology is being developed in close collaboration with industry, and has been partly supported by the US Very High Field Superconducting Magnet Collaboration (VHFSMC). Steady improvements were made over the last several years, with coil HTS-SC08 reaching 2636 A, or about 85% of its witness sample critical current (Ic). Though this is still a factor 3 to 4 too low to be competitive with Nb-based materials, it is expected that the required Ic can be achieved through further conductor optimizations. Recent developments include the commissioning of infrastructure for the reaction of coils at LBNL. Earlier coils were fabricated and tested at LBNL, but were reacted at the wire manufacturer. We describe in detail the furnace calibrations and heat treatment optimizations that enable coil reactions at temperatures approaching 890 °C with a homogeneity of ± 1 °C in a pure oxygen flow. We reacted two new coils at LBNL, and tested the performance of coil HTS-SC10 at 4.2 K in self-field using a superconducting transformer system. We find that its performance is consistent with witness samples, and comparable to coil HTS-SC08, which is an identical coil that was reacted at Oxford Instruments Superconductor Technology (OST), thereby validating the in-house reaction process.

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