UC Santa Barbara
A Review of Theoretical Approaches to Interpersonal Power
- Author(s): Dunbar, Norah E
- et al.
Published Web Locationhttps://doi.org/10.1080/15358593.2015.1016310
© 2015 National Communication Association. Power equality or inequality is one of the most fundamental attributes of any interpersonal relationship. In this review of interpersonal approaches to power, a definition of interpersonal power is proposed and the multidimensional and complex nature of power is explored. Various theoretical models, all of which employ power as one of their key variables, are discussed, including social exchange theory, interdependence theory, normative resource theory, equity theory, dyadic power theory, necessary convergence communication theory, bilateral deterrence theory, the chilling effect, relational control approaches, and sex role theories.