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Open Access Publications from the University of California

Polymorphism in a high-entropy alloy.

  • Author(s): Zhang, Fei
  • Wu, Yuan
  • Lou, Hongbo
  • Zeng, Zhidan
  • Prakapenka, Vitali B
  • Greenberg, Eran
  • Ren, Yang
  • Yan, Jinyuan
  • Okasinski, John S
  • Liu, Xiongjun
  • Liu, Yong
  • Zeng, Qiaoshi
  • Lu, Zhaoping
  • et al.
Abstract

Polymorphism, which describes the occurrence of different lattice structures in a crystalline material, is a critical phenomenon in materials science and condensed matter physics. Recently, configuration disorder was compositionally engineered into single lattices, leading to the discovery of high-entropy alloys and high-entropy oxides. For these novel entropy-stabilized forms of crystalline matter with extremely high structural stability, is polymorphism still possible? Here by employing in situ high-pressure synchrotron radiation X-ray diffraction, we reveal a polymorphic transition from face-centred-cubic (fcc) structure to hexagonal-close-packing (hcp) structure in the prototype CoCrFeMnNi high-entropy alloy. The transition is irreversible, and our in situ high-temperature synchrotron radiation X-ray diffraction experiments at different pressures of the retained hcp high-entropy alloy reveal that the fcc phase is a stable polymorph at high temperatures, while the hcp structure is more thermodynamically favourable at lower temperatures. As pressure is increased, the critical temperature for the hcp-to-fcc transformation also rises.

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